2019, WHO, New evidence shows significant mistreatment of women during childbirth,

2017, Graham, Mohale, Sweet, Maternity health care: The experiences of Sub-Saharan African women in Sub-Saharan Africa and Australia,

2016, Bradley, McCourt, Parmar, Rayment, Disrespectful intrapartum care during facility-based delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis of women's perceptions and experiences,

2016, Banda, Ntoimo, Muchiri, Odimegwu, Women at risk: Gender inequality and maternal health,

2015, Amzat, The Question of Autonomy in Maternal Health in Africa: A Rights-Based Consideration,

2012, Brighton, D’Arcy, Kennedy, Kirtley, Perceptions of prenatal and obstetric care in Sub-Saharan Africa,

2010, Bangser, Daly, Kamugumya, Metha, Mwangomale, Childbirth experiences of women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania and Uganda and their implications for fistula program development,

2007, Fauveau, UNFPA–AMDD Working Group on Indicators, Program Note: Using UN process indicators to assess needs in emergency obstetric services: Gabon, Guinea‐Bissau, and The Gambia,

2006, WHO, Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries, DOI:

2006, Chishimba, Fakelid, Musandu, Nissen, Ong’any, Warenius, Nurse-midwives' attitudes towards adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs in Kenya and Zambia, DOI: 10.1016/S0968-8080(06)27242-2

2005, Cowan, Lester, Miller, Webster, Obstetric Fistula: A Preventable Tragedy,

2004, Boubli, Carcopino, Shojai, Female genital mutilation: generalities, complications and management during obstetrical period,


2012, Fujita, Gozo, Matsumoto, Perrin, Sugiura, Uchida, Vodounon, Humanised care and a change in practice in a hospital in Benin,

2006, Dujardin, Godin, Ouendo, Saizonoi, Zerbo, Emergency obstetrical care in Benin referral hospitals: 'near miss' patients' views, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01602.x 

2001, Filippi, Grossmann-Kendall, Kanhonou, Giving birth in maternity hospitals in Benin: Testimonies of women,


2020, Juma, Ouedraogo, From the shadows to light. Perceptions of women and healthcare providers of post-abortion care in Burkina Faso,

2018, Dumont, Kaboré, Kouanda, Ridde, Assessment of clinical decision-making among healthcare professionals performing caesarean deliveries in Burkina Faso,

2016, Kaboré, Kouanda, Millogo, Seck, Soudouem, Yaméogo, A case–control study of risk factors for surgical site infection after cesarean delivery in eastern Burkina Faso

2016, Bado, Belemsaga, Degomme, Duysburgh, Goujon, Kouanda, Temmerman, A cross-sectional mixed study of the opportunity to improve maternal postpartum care in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health services in the Kaya health district of Burkina Faso,

2016, Agier, Dumont, Kaboré, Kouanda, Queuille, Ridde, Determinants of non-medically indicated cesarean deliveries in Burkina Faso,

2015, Østergaard, Maternal healthcare in context: A qualitative study of women's tactics to improve their experience of public healthcare in rural Burkina Faso,

2014, Coulibaly, Dumont, Kouanda, Meda, Millogo, Ouedraogo, Audit of cesarean delivery in Burkina Faso,

2013, Bado, Kadio, Kouanda, Ridde, Yameogo, Why do women pay more than they should? A mixed methods study of the implementation gap in a policy to subsidize the costs of deliveries in Burkina Faso,

2009, Andrzejewski, Bassane, Brazier, Knight, Perkins, Themmen, Improving poor women's access to maternity care: Findings from a primary care intervention in Burkina Faso,

2007, Akoum, Baggaley, Filippi, Ganaba, Marshall, Meda, Ouedraogo, Outtara, Sombié, Storeng, Health of women after severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study,

2003, Askew, Diop, Jones, Kaboré, Female genital cutting practices in Burkina Faso and Mali and their negative health outcomes,


2019, Falb, Hategekimana, Roth, O’Connor, Scolese, In‐law‐perpetrated abuse against women in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo,


2013, Abdel-Moneim, Farahtat, Omran, Salem, Medico-Legal Evaluation of Violence Against Pregnant Women Attending Woman’s Health Hospital in Assiut University, Upper Egypt, DOI: 10.21608/mjfmct.2013.47681

2009, Awadalla, Kamel, Mahfouz, Refaat, Evaluation of maternal and child health services in El-Minia City, Egypt,

2007, Abdelhady, Elnashar, The impact of female genital cutting on health of newly married women,


2020, Bayou, Bekele, Garedew, Magnitude of disrespectful and abusive care among women during facility-based childbirth in Shambu town, Horro Guduru Wollega zone, Ethiopia,

2020, Chojenta, Geleto, Loxton, Taddele, Perceptions of midwives on the quality of emergency obstetric care at hospitals in Ethiopia: A qualitative explanatory study,

2015, Dietsch, Hailemariam, King, Jackson, Barriers and facilitators to accessing skilled birth attendants in Afar region, Ethiopia,

2012, Egata, Mengistie, Reda, Tilahun, Health workers' attitudes toward sexual and reproductive health services for unmarried adolescents in Ethiopia, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-9-19


2014, Fretheim, Jammeh, Lerberg, Sundby, Barriers to skilled birth attendance: a survey among mothers in rural Gambia,

2002, Rowley, Telferm Walraven, Experiences of mothers with antenatal, delivery and postpartum care in rural Gambia,


2019, Agorinya, Al-Hassan, Awoonor-Williams, Awuni, Ayamba, Kaburise, Kagura, Kanmiki, Nonterah, Nonterah, Oduro, Ofosu, Sakeah, Tamimu, Prevalence and adverse obstetric outcomes of female genital mutilation among women in rural Northern Ghana,

2019, Avle, Morhe, Morhe, Sexual and reproductive rights violations at sexual debut of male and female adolescents in Ghana,

2016, Agyei-Baffour, Dzomeku, Kwedu, Lori, Moyer, Rominski, Exposure to disrespectful patient care during training: Data from midwifery students at 15 midwifery schools in Ghana,

2014, Aborigo, Adongo, Engmann, Hodgson, Moyer, ‘They treat you like you are not a human being’: Maltreatment during labour and delivery in rural northern Ghana,

2013, Adanu, Adu-Bonsaffoh, Hindin, Tunçalp, Assessment of maternal near-miss and quality of care in a hospital-based study in Accra, Ghana,

2006, Abor, Female genital mutilation : psychological and reproductive health consequences. The case of Kayoro Traditional Area in Ghana,


2020, WHO, Research leads to actions improving childbirth in Guinea,


2014, Okwako, Symon, Women's expectations and experiences of childbirth in a Kenyan public hospital,

2008, Bukusi, Cohen, Miller, Sande, Turan, HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services,

2006, WHO, Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries, DOI:



2015, Beebe, Chase, Doumbia, Warren, Winch, Nègènègèn: Sweet talk, disrespect, and abuse among rural auxiliary midwives in Mali,


2017, Aerts, Chavane, Degomme, Dgedge, Loquiha, Temmerman, The magnitude and factors related to facility-based maternal mortality in Mozambique,

2015, Costumado, Domingos, Khalema, Ndinda, Women's access to sexual reproductive health and rights services in Mozambique : advocacy strategies to address barriers,

2008, Chapman, Chikotsa—Secrets, Silence, and Hiding: Social Risk and Reproductive Vulnerability in Central Mozambique,

2005, Christensson, Dgedge, Johansson, Pelembe, Pettersson, Mozambican Midwives' Views on Barriers to Quality Perinatal Care,

2003, Chapman, Endangering safe motherhood in Mozambique: prenatal care as pregnancy risk,

2002, Granja, Maternal deaths in Mozambique : An audit approach with special reference to adolescence, abortion and violence,


2014, Obi, Okafor, Ugwu, Disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in a low-income country,

2012, Baba, Sule, Utilisation of delivery services in Zaria, Northern Nigeria: Factors affecting choice of place of delivery,

2008, Iyaniwura, Oladapo, Sule-Odu, Quality of antenatal services at the primary care level in southwest Nigeria,

2007, Balogun, Patients Perception of Quality of Antenatal Service in Four Selected Private Health Facilities in Ilorin, Kwara State of Nigeria, DOI: 10.4314/nmp.v51i4.28847

2002, Larsen, Okonofua, Female circumcision and obstetric complicantions, DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7292(02)00028-0

1994, Jaffre, Prual, Midwives in Niger: An uncomfortable position between social behaviours and health care constraints,


2019, Atuoye, Bagambe, Cechetto, Kpienbaareh, Luginaah, Ngabonzima, Rulisa, Spatio-temporal disparities in maternal health service utilization in Rwanda: What next for SDGs?,

2017, Cechetto, Hategeka, Kasine, Luginaah, Rulisa, Tuyisenge, Maternal near miss and mortality in a tertiary care hospital in Rwanda,


2020, Suh, What post-abortion care indicators don't measure: Global abortion politics and obstetric practice in Senegal,

2007, Harlow, A Qualitative Study of Pregnancy and Maternal Mortality in Rural Senegal: An Examination of the Pregnant Woman’s Experience,

1997, Bah, Correa, Garenne, Mbaye, Risk Factors for Maternal Mortality: A Case-Control Study in Dakar Hospitals (Senegal),


2012, Amara, Daoh, Garbrah-Aidoo, Harding, Kanu, Oulare, Oyerinde, Shoo, A Qualitative Evaluation of the Choice of Traditional Birth Attendants for Maternity Care in 2008 Sierra Leone: Implications for Universal Skilled Attendance at Delivery.


2020, Byrskog, Bogren, Erlandsson, Igal, Kalid, Johansson, Mohamed, Osman, Pedersen, Said, Health workforce perspectives of barriers inhibiting the provision of quality care in Nepal and Somalia – A qualitative study,

1993, Arbesman, Buck, Assessment of the impact of female circumcision on the gynecological, genitourinary and obstetrical health problems of women from Somalia: literature review and case series, DOI: 10.1300/J013v20n03_02


2020, Clow, Fouché, Fuzy, ‘Please treat me like a person’ – respectful care during adolescent childbirth,

2020, Dutton, Knight, Reproducing neglect in the place of care: Normalised violence within Cape Town Midwifery Obstetric Units,

2019, Görgens, Mentor, It’s time to get tough on crime… in our maternity wards?,

2017, Hastings-Tolsma, Nolte, Temane, Birth stories from South Africa: Voices unheard, DOI:

2015, Fawcus, Honikman, Meintjes, Disrespect and abuse of women during the process of childbirth at health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis, DOI: 10.7196/samj.9582

2014, Chadwick, Cooper, Harries, Narratives of distress about birth in South African public maternity settings: a qualitative study, DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2013.12.014

2014, Chadwick, Raising concerns: Quality of care in maternal health services in South Africa,

2010, Schoombee, The other side of caring: Abuse in a South African maternity ward, DOI: 10.1080/02646830903294979

1998, Jewkes, Abrahams, Mvo, Why do nurses abuse patients? Reflections from South African obstetric services,


2018, Ali, Idris, Yassin, Characteristics of female sexual dysfunctions and obstetric complications related to female genital mutilation in Omdurman maternity hospital, Sudan, DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0442-y


2015, Freedman, Kruk, Kujawski, Mbaruku, Moyo, Ramsey, Association Between Disrespect and Abuse During Childbirth and Women’s Confidence in Health Facilities in Tanzania,

2013, Evjen-Olsen, Kohi, Moland, Mselle, Mvungi, Why give birth in health facility? Users' and providers' accounts of poor quality of birth care in Tanzania, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-174



2021, Halperin, Women’s perspectives of childbirth in Kiboga, Uganda,

2011, Asiimwe, Mijumbi, Nabudere, Task shifting in maternal and child health care: An evidence brief for Uganda, DOI:

2009, Annika, Atuyambe, Faxelid, Kirumira, Mirembe, Seeking safety and empathy: Adolescent health seeking behavior during pregnancy and early motherhood in central Uganda,


2010, MacArthur, Ndokera, The relationship between maternal depression and adverse infant health outcomes in Zambia: a cross‐sectional feasibility study,

2003, Chinganya, MacKeith, Murray, Zambian women's experiences of urban maternity care: results from a community survey in Lusaka,


2019, Andajani-Suthahjo, Holroyd, Kanengoni, Women's experiences of disrespectful and abusive maternal health care in a low resource rural setting in eastern Zimbabwe,

2018,  Choguya, Corruption in Health Service Delivery: The Case of Maternal Health in Rural Zimbabwe,