AFRICA

2019, WHO, New evidence shows significant mistreatment of women during childbirth, https://www.who.int/news/item/09-10-2019-new-evidence-shows-significant-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth

2017, Graham, Mohale, Sweet, Maternity health care: The experiences of Sub-Saharan African women in Sub-Saharan Africa and Australia, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2016.11.011

2016, Bradley, McCourt, Parmar, Rayment, Disrespectful intrapartum care during facility-based delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis of women's perceptions and experiences, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.09.039

2016, Banda, Ntoimo, Muchiri, Odimegwu, Women at risk: Gender inequality and maternal health, https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2016.1170092

2015, Amzat, The Question of Autonomy in Maternal Health in Africa: A Rights-Based Consideration, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-015-9607-y

2012, Brighton, D’Arcy, Kennedy, Kirtley, Perceptions of prenatal and obstetric care in Sub-Saharan Africa, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.09.017

2010, Bangser, Daly, Kamugumya, Metha, Mwangomale, Childbirth experiences of women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania and Uganda and their implications for fistula program development, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-010-1236-8

2007, Fauveau, UNFPA–AMDD Working Group on Indicators, Program Note: Using UN process indicators to assess needs in emergency obstetric services: Gabon, Guinea‐Bissau, and The Gambia, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2006.12.004

2006, WHO, Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68805-3

2006, Chishimba, Fakelid, Musandu, Nissen, Ong’any, Warenius, Nurse-midwives' attitudes towards adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs in Kenya and Zambia, DOI: 10.1016/S0968-8080(06)27242-2

2005, Cowan, Lester, Miller, Webster, Obstetric Fistula: A Preventable Tragedy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmwh.2005.03.009

2004, Boubli, Carcopino, Shojai, Female genital mutilation: generalities, complications and management during obstetrical period, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0368-2315(04)96544-1

BENIN

2012, Fujita, Gozo, Matsumoto, Perrin, Sugiura, Uchida, Vodounon, Humanised care and a change in practice in a hospital in Benin, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2011.07.003

2006, Dujardin, Godin, Ouendo, Saizonoi, Zerbo, Emergency obstetrical care in Benin referral hospitals: 'near miss' patients' views, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01602.x 

2001, Filippi, Grossmann-Kendall, Kanhonou, Giving birth in maternity hospitals in Benin: Testimonies of women, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0968-8080(01)90095-3

BURKINA FASO

2020, Juma, Ouedraogo, From the shadows to light. Perceptions of women and healthcare providers of post-abortion care in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113154

2018, Dumont, Kaboré, Kouanda, Ridde, Assessment of clinical decision-making among healthcare professionals performing caesarean deliveries in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2018.04.008

2016, Kaboré, Kouanda, Millogo, Seck, Soudouem, Yaméogo, A case–control study of risk factors for surgical site infection after cesarean delivery in eastern Burkina Faso https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2016.08.018

2016, Bado, Belemsaga, Degomme, Duysburgh, Goujon, Kouanda, Temmerman, A cross-sectional mixed study of the opportunity to improve maternal postpartum care in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health services in the Kaya health district of Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2016.08.005

2016, Agier, Dumont, Kaboré, Kouanda, Queuille, Ridde, Determinants of non-medically indicated cesarean deliveries in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2016.08.019

2015, Østergaard, Maternal healthcare in context: A qualitative study of women's tactics to improve their experience of public healthcare in rural Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.062

2014, Coulibaly, Dumont, Kouanda, Meda, Millogo, Ouedraogo, Audit of cesarean delivery in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.11.010

2013, Bado, Kadio, Kouanda, Ridde, Yameogo, Why do women pay more than they should? A mixed methods study of the implementation gap in a policy to subsidize the costs of deliveries in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2012.09.005

2009, Andrzejewski, Bassane, Brazier, Knight, Perkins, Themmen, Improving poor women's access to maternity care: Findings from a primary care intervention in Burkina Faso, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.06.023

2007, Akoum, Baggaley, Filippi, Ganaba, Marshall, Meda, Ouedraogo, Outtara, Sombié, Storeng, Health of women after severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61574-8

2003, Askew, Diop, Jones, Kaboré, Female genital cutting practices in Burkina Faso and Mali and their negative health outcomes, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4465.1999.00219.x

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

2019, Falb, Hategekimana, Roth, O’Connor, Scolese, In‐law‐perpetrated abuse against women in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13005

EGYPT

2013, Abdel-Moneim, Farahtat, Omran, Salem, Medico-Legal Evaluation of Violence Against Pregnant Women Attending Woman’s Health Hospital in Assiut University, Upper Egypt, DOI: 10.21608/mjfmct.2013.47681

2009, Awadalla, Kamel, Mahfouz, Refaat, Evaluation of maternal and child health services in El-Minia City, Egypt, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-009-0255-8

2007, Abdelhady, Elnashar, The impact of female genital cutting on health of newly married women, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2007.03.008

ETHIOPIA

2020, Bayou, Bekele, Garedew, Magnitude of disrespectful and abusive care among women during facility-based childbirth in Shambu town, Horro Guduru Wollega zone, Ethiopia, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2020.102629

2020, Chojenta, Geleto, Loxton, Taddele, Perceptions of midwives on the quality of emergency obstetric care at hospitals in Ethiopia: A qualitative explanatory study, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2020.102814

2015, Dietsch, Hailemariam, King, Jackson, Barriers and facilitators to accessing skilled birth attendants in Afar region, Ethiopia, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2015.02.004

2012, Egata, Mengistie, Reda, Tilahun, Health workers' attitudes toward sexual and reproductive health services for unmarried adolescents in Ethiopia, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-9-19

GAMBIA

2014, Fretheim, Jammeh, Lerberg, Sundby, Barriers to skilled birth attendance: a survey among mothers in rural Gambia, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24796167/

2002, Rowley, Telferm Walraven, Experiences of mothers with antenatal, delivery and postpartum care in rural Gambia, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12476731/

GHANA

2019, Agorinya, Al-Hassan, Awoonor-Williams, Awuni, Ayamba, Kaburise, Kagura, Kanmiki, Nonterah, Nonterah, Oduro, Ofosu, Sakeah, Tamimu, Prevalence and adverse obstetric outcomes of female genital mutilation among women in rural Northern Ghana, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz195

2019, Avle, Morhe, Morhe, Sexual and reproductive rights violations at sexual debut of male and female adolescents in Ghana, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13015

2016, Agyei-Baffour, Dzomeku, Kwedu, Lori, Moyer, Rominski, Exposure to disrespectful patient care during training: Data from midwifery students at 15 midwifery schools in Ghana, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2016.07.009

2014, Aborigo, Adongo, Engmann, Hodgson, Moyer, ‘They treat you like you are not a human being’: Maltreatment during labour and delivery in rural northern Ghana, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2013.05.006

2013, Adanu, Adu-Bonsaffoh, Hindin, Tunçalp, Assessment of maternal near-miss and quality of care in a hospital-based study in Accra, Ghana, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.06.003

2006, Abor, Female genital mutilation : psychological and reproductive health consequences. The case of Kayoro Traditional Area in Ghana, https://journals.co.za/doi/10.10520/EJC34479

GUINEA

2020, WHO, Research leads to actions improving childbirth in Guinea, https://www.who.int/news/item/15-05-2020-research-leads-to-actions-improving-childbirth-in-guinea

KENYA

2014, Okwako, Symon, Women's expectations and experiences of childbirth in a Kenyan public hospital, https://doi.org/10.12968/ajmw.2014.8.3.115

2008, Bukusi, Cohen, Miller, Sande, Turan, HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services, https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120701767224

2006, WHO, Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68805-3

MALAWI

MALI

2015, Beebe, Chase, Doumbia, Warren, Winch, Nègènègèn: Sweet talk, disrespect, and abuse among rural auxiliary midwives in Mali, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2015.07.007

MOZAMBIQUE

2017, Aerts, Chavane, Degomme, Dgedge, Loquiha, Temmerman, The magnitude and factors related to facility-based maternal mortality in Mozambique, https://doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2016.1256968

2015, Costumado, Domingos, Khalema, Ndinda, Women's access to sexual reproductive health and rights services in Mozambique : advocacy strategies to address barriers, https://journals.co.za/doi/10.10520/EJC175709

2008, Chapman, Chikotsa—Secrets, Silence, and Hiding: Social Risk and Reproductive Vulnerability in Central Mozambique, https://doi.org/10.1525/maq.2006.20.4.487

2005, Christensson, Dgedge, Johansson, Pelembe, Pettersson, Mozambican Midwives' Views on Barriers to Quality Perinatal Care, https://doi.org/10.1080/07399330500457994

2003, Chapman, Endangering safe motherhood in Mozambique: prenatal care as pregnancy risk, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00363-5

2002, Granja, Maternal deaths in Mozambique : An audit approach with special reference to adolescence, abortion and violence, http://hdl.handle.net/10616/42842

NIGERIA

2014, Obi, Okafor, Ugwu, Disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in a low-income country, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.08.015

2012, Baba, Sule, Utilisation of delivery services in Zaria, Northern Nigeria: Factors affecting choice of place of delivery, https://www.ajol.info/index.php/eajph/article/view/110168

2008, Iyaniwura, Oladapo, Sule-Odu, Quality of antenatal services at the primary care level in southwest Nigeria, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19435014/

2007, Balogun, Patients Perception of Quality of Antenatal Service in Four Selected Private Health Facilities in Ilorin, Kwara State of Nigeria, DOI: 10.4314/nmp.v51i4.28847

2002, Larsen, Okonofua, Female circumcision and obstetric complicantions, DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7292(02)00028-0

1994, Jaffre, Prual, Midwives in Niger: An uncomfortable position between social behaviours and health care constraints, https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(94)90224-0

RWANDA

2019, Atuoye, Bagambe, Cechetto, Kpienbaareh, Luginaah, Ngabonzima, Rulisa, Spatio-temporal disparities in maternal health service utilization in Rwanda: What next for SDGs?, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.040

2017, Cechetto, Hategeka, Kasine, Luginaah, Rulisa, Tuyisenge, Maternal near miss and mortality in a tertiary care hospital in Rwanda, https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2018.1434591

SENEGAL

2020, Suh, What post-abortion care indicators don't measure: Global abortion politics and obstetric practice in Senegal, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.03.044

2007, Harlow, A Qualitative Study of Pregnancy and Maternal Mortality in Rural Senegal: An Examination of the Pregnant Woman’s Experience, https://digitalcollections.sit.edu/isp_collection/106

1997, Bah, Correa, Garenne, Mbaye, Risk Factors for Maternal Mortality: A Case-Control Study in Dakar Hospitals (Senegal), https://doi.org/10.2307/3583271

SIERRA LEONE

2012, Amara, Daoh, Garbrah-Aidoo, Harding, Kanu, Oulare, Oyerinde, Shoo, A Qualitative Evaluation of the Choice of Traditional Birth Attendants for Maternity Care in 2008 Sierra Leone: Implications for Universal Skilled Attendance at Delivery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-012-1061-4

SOMALIA

2020, Byrskog, Bogren, Erlandsson, Igal, Kalid, Johansson, Mohamed, Osman, Pedersen, Said, Health workforce perspectives of barriers inhibiting the provision of quality care in Nepal and Somalia – A qualitative study, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2019.100481

1993, Arbesman, Buck, Assessment of the impact of female circumcision on the gynecological, genitourinary and obstetrical health problems of women from Somalia: literature review and case series, DOI: 10.1300/J013v20n03_02

SOUTH AFRICA

2020, Clow, Fouché, Fuzy, ‘Please treat me like a person’ – respectful care during adolescent childbirth, https://doi.org/10.12968/bjom.2020.28.6.360

2020, Dutton, Knight, Reproducing neglect in the place of care: Normalised violence within Cape Town Midwifery Obstetric Units, https://doi.org/10.1080/10130950.2019.1704481

2019, Görgens, Mentor, It’s time to get tough on crime… in our maternity wards?, https://bhekisisa.org/article/2019-05-01-00-south-africa-election-2019-obstetric-violence-breastfeeding-maternity-leave/

2017, Hastings-Tolsma, Nolte, Temane, Birth stories from South Africa: Voices unheard, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2017.06.015

2015, Fawcus, Honikman, Meintjes, Disrespect and abuse of women during the process of childbirth at health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis, DOI: 10.7196/samj.9582

2014, Chadwick, Cooper, Harries, Narratives of distress about birth in South African public maternity settings: a qualitative study, DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2013.12.014

2014, Chadwick, Raising concerns: Quality of care in maternal health services in South Africa, https://doi.org/10.12968/ajmw.2014.8.4.177

2010, Schoombee, The other side of caring: Abuse in a South African maternity ward, DOI: 10.1080/02646830903294979

1998, Jewkes, Abrahams, Mvo, Why do nurses abuse patients? Reflections from South African obstetric services, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00240-8

SUDAN

2018, Ali, Idris, Yassin, Characteristics of female sexual dysfunctions and obstetric complications related to female genital mutilation in Omdurman maternity hospital, Sudan, DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0442-y

TANZANIA

2015, Freedman, Kruk, Kujawski, Mbaruku, Moyo, Ramsey, Association Between Disrespect and Abuse During Childbirth and Women’s Confidence in Health Facilities in Tanzania, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10995-015-1743-9

2013, Evjen-Olsen, Kohi, Moland, Mselle, Mvungi, Why give birth in health facility? Users' and providers' accounts of poor quality of birth care in Tanzania, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-174

TUNISIA

UGANDA

2021, Halperin, Women’s perspectives of childbirth in Kiboga, Uganda, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2021.01.002

2011, Asiimwe, Mijumbi, Nabudere, Task shifting in maternal and child health care: An evidence brief for Uganda, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266462311000055

2009, Annika, Atuyambe, Faxelid, Kirumira, Mirembe, Seeking safety and empathy: Adolescent health seeking behavior during pregnancy and early motherhood in central Uganda, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.10.012

ZAMBIA

2010, MacArthur, Ndokera, The relationship between maternal depression and adverse infant health outcomes in Zambia: a cross‐sectional feasibility study, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01129.x

2003, Chinganya, MacKeith, Murray, Zambian women's experiences of urban maternity care: results from a community survey in Lusaka, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12828141/

ZIMBABWE

2019, Andajani-Suthahjo, Holroyd, Kanengoni, Women's experiences of disrespectful and abusive maternal health care in a low resource rural setting in eastern Zimbabwe, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.06.003

2018,  Choguya, Corruption in Health Service Delivery: The Case of Maternal Health in Rural Zimbabwe, https://bit.ly/2ZyEOqa